On September 21, 1908, just over four years after the establishment of the Pittsburgh-based Hero Fund, Andrew Carnegie expanded the concept to his native land with the establishment of the Carnegie Hero Fund Trust in Dunfermline, Scotland. Carnegie’s intention to export his model of honoring civilian heroes to foreign countries was revealed in a letter from him to Charles Taylor, president of the first Hero Fund.
“I got the idea this morning in bed listening to the organ. Why not extend Hero Fund to my Native Land Britain & Ireland. Make the Dunfermline Trust take charge of it.” In a postscript he wrote, “Im [sic] very happy over this revelation this morning.”
In the three years following its creation, he established hero funds in France, Germany, Norway, Switzerland, Netherlands, Sweden, Denmark, Belgium, and Italy.